软科世界一流学科排名2020-排名方法

排名学科

2020软科世界一流学科排名覆盖54个学科,涉及理学、工学、生命科学、医学和社会科学五大领域。

排名对象

软科世界一流学科排名的对象是2014至2018年间在特定学科发表论文达到一定数量的大学。不同学科的发文数阈值如下。软科世界一流学科排名的文献数据来自于Web of Science和InCites数据库。

排名指标与权重

不同学科的指标权重系数有所不同,见下图。

计分方式

首先计算大学在每项指标上的得分,具体为大学在一项指标上的数值除以该项指标的最大值(开根号)再乘以100。然后各指标得分除以100再乘以相应权重进行累加得到该校总分。

CNCI为相对指标,论文数量较少时CNCI不够稳定。因此在计算该指标的得分时,一个学科的CNCI最大值设置为该学科所有大学的CNCI平均值的2倍或者该学科所有大学中CNCI的实际最大值,取二者中较低者,令其为100分。其它大学按其CNCI与该最大值的比例得分,CNCI超过该最大值的大学,均得100分。

指标定义与统计方法

数据来源

指标 来源
重要期刊论文数
论文标准化影响力
国际合作论文比例
顶尖期刊论文数
教师获权威奖项数 Fields Medal
http://www.mathunion.org/general/prizes/fields/details/
The Abel Prize
http://www.abelprize.no/
Nobel Prize in Physics
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/
Wolf Prize in Chemistry
https://wolffund.org.il/home-page/
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/
Priestley Medal
http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/funding-and-awards/awards/national/bytopic/priestley-medal.html
Crafoord Prize in Geosciences
https://www.crafoordprize.se/geosciences
The Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal
https://www.ametsoc.org/index.cfm/ams/about-ams/ams-awards-honors/awards/science-and-technology-medals/the-carl-gustaf-rossby-research-medal/
The Jule G. Charney Award
https://www.ametsoc.org/index.cfm/ams/about-ams/ams-awards-honors/awards/science-and-technology-medals/the-jule-g-charney-medal/
ASME Medal
https://www.asme.org/about-asme/get-involved/honors-awards/achievement-awards/asme-medal
Timoshenko Medal
https://www.asme.org/about-asme/get-involved/honors-awards/achievement-awards/timoshenko-medal
IEEE Medal of Honor
http://www.ieee.org/about/awards/medals/medalofhonor.html
IEEE Control Systems Award
https://www.ieee.org/about/awards/tfas/controlsys.html
A.M. Turing Award
http://amturing.acm.org/
International Award of Merit in Structural Engineering
http://www.iabse.org/IABSE/IABSE_Association/Awards/Award_of_Merit/IABSE/association/Award_files/International_Award_of_Merit_in_Structural_Engineering/Merit.aspx?hkey=4e67443b-411c-4a37-9e42-0c99b434d5f1
Andreas Acrivos Award for Professional Progress in Chemical Engineering
https://www.aiche.org/community/awards/andreas-acrivos-award-professional-progress-chemical-engineering
MRS Medal Award
http://www.mrs.org/medal/
Von Hippel Award
http://www.mrs.org/vonhippel/
Stockholm Water Prize
http://www.siwi.org/prizes/stockholmwaterprize/
Robert E. Horton Medal
https://honors.agu.org/medals-awards/robert-e-horton-award/
EGU John Dalton Medal
https://www.egu.eu/awards-medals/john-dalton/
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/
Lasker~DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award
http://www.laskerfoundation.org/awards/#name=&award=Clinical&year=
IADR Distinguished Scientist Award
http://www.iadr.org/IADR/Awards/Grants-Awards/Distinguished-Scientist
Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame
https://www.sigmanursing.org/advance-elevate/awards/nurse-researcher-awards
The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/
COPSS Presidents' Award
https://community.amstat.org/copss/awards/presidents
The Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science
http://www.skytteprize.com/
Ulysses Prize
https://www.unwto.org/unwto-ulysses-prize-excellence-creation-and-dissemination-knowledge
ASIST Award of Merit
https://www.asist.org/programs-services/awards-honors/award-of-merit/